Essential information and facts about Colombia
We have included some eye-opening information and facts about Colombia for those who want to know a little more about Colombia and for those who are simply fascinated by this great country.
We could go on for hours telling you about how beautiful and unique Colombia is but we think it’s best that you come and see it for yourself.
You see, our galleries, information and facts about Colombia can only capture so much. The reality, well …has to be seen to be believed.
Some interesting facts about Colombia
- Colombia is a Democratic Constitutional Republic with a President.
- It has a population of nearly 47 million people.
- Colombia covers a land area of 1,141,748 square kilometres – around the same size as Spain, Portugal and France put together.
- It has 928,600 square kilometres of marine territory as well – in both the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea.
- It is bordered by five countries: Venezuela to the East, Brazil to the South-East, Ecuador and Peru to the South and and Panama to the North-West.
- Colombia is split into 32 ‘departments’ or provinces, covering 5 geographical regions: Andean, Caribbean, Amazonian, Orinoquian and Pacific.
- In southern Colombia, the ‘Colombian Massif‘ is where the Eastern and Central Cordilleras split. They are joined by a third – the Western Cordillera and all run for hundreds of kilometres northwards. These gargantuan ranges are divided by the inter-Andean valleys of the Magdalena and Cauca rivers.
- The national bird is the Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus), a highly endangered species in Colombia, but visible on our treks into the mountains! It also holds the title as the heaviest bird capable of flight on the planet and has been known to attack living prey. They have a wing span of up to 3.2 metres across.
- The national tree is the Colombian Wax Palm (Ceroxylon Quindiuense) . Of the 14 or so species of Wax Palm in the world, Colombia has 7 of them. This particular species is the tallest palm in the world, reaching heights of up to 60 meters and in exceptional cases – 80 meters. These can be viewed with us in the Cocora Valley, on our treks into PNN Los Nevados.
- Colombia has vast stretches of gorgeous Atlantic and Pacific coastline – over 3200km or 2000 miles of it.
- Colombia has some of the world’s best beaches and is one of the cheapest places in the world to learn how to scuba-dive.
- Colombia has the highest coastal mountain range in the world – The Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (also a national park that covers 383,000 hectares. Its highest peak s also Colombia’s highest mountain – Pico Cristobal Colon (Christopher Columbus) standing at around 5,775 metres above sea level or 19,058 feet.
- Given its unique geographical and biological make-up, the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta is home to many endemic species of bird that only live here. It has also been declared the most irreplaceable concentration of biodiversity on Earth! It is a birdwatchers paradise!
- Colombia has 59 National Parks (almost the same amount as the U.S) that cover almost 12% of the national territory – some 14,268,224 hectares – and are home to some of the most endangered ecosystems on the planet. There are plans to enlarge existing parks and establish more to reach a 14% coverage.
- Colombia is home to over 4,010 species of Orchid and there are thought to be many – hundreds even – waiting to be discovered.
- Colombia has REAL rainforest in the bio-geographic region of Choco – an immense forest that reaches from Ecuador to Panama of which about 60% is still pristine and untouched.
- A third of Colombia is covered by Amazon jungle.
- Colombia has beautiful Caribbean islands with crystal-clear seas of ‘siete colores’ or seven colours.
- Various archaeological sites, amongst them some of the most important in South America such as the Lost City (Ciudad Perdida) of the Tayronas, San Agustin; Tierradentro and Sogamoso amongst others.
- Vast coastal wetlands and savannahs – home to various wildlife sanctuaries and swathes of Dry Tropical Forest – some of the last places on Earth where this ecosystem still exists.
- Not one but two deserts – La Guajira peninsula is one of them and forms the northernmost tip of South America.
- The national currency is the Colombian Peso.
- 90% of the country is Catholic.
……and much, much more. Amazing isn’t it?
Interested in seeing some of these facts about Colombia in real life?
Visit our destinations section for in depth information and photos about the different regions of Colombia.
Visit our Colombia Holiday section to select your preferred holiday type and see what a Colombian adventure looks like.
For those of you who want something completely unique, refer to our Tailor Made option for a holiday designed around your tastes, preferences, time and budget.